Getting a tooth extracted is usually a last resort in terms of dental procedures; generally, both dentists and patients want to keep the natural teeth in use for as long as possible. However, there are cases where an extraction is needed in order to maintain the overall health of the mouth. Severe tooth decay, an impacted wisdom tooth, crowded teeth, or failure of a baby tooth to fall out when it should are all reasons for why a tooth would need to be taken out. Leaving it in the mouth can cause an infection or hinder the surrounding teeth from growing and functioning properly.
There are two types of tooth extractions: simple extractions and surgical extractions. When the tooth is visible above the gum line and can be removed using forceps, the procedure is known as a simple extraction. However, if the problem lies deeper within the gum line, surgery will be needed to cut into the gum tissue and/or bone to access the tooth. Tissue or bone may have to be removed before the tooth can be extracted.
To have a tooth surgically removed, the affected area will have to be numbed with a local anesthetic. If multiple teeth are being removed at once, a general anesthetic can also be administered to leave the patient sedated throughout the procedure. An incision will be made into the gum tissue to expose the tooth. If necessary, the tooth may be broken up into smaller pieces before being removed from the gums. Otherwise, it can be loosened by being gripped and pulled back and forth. It can then be lifted out of the gums. Sutures can be used to close the area. Usually, soluble sutures are used for tooth extractions, as they dissolve over time and do not require a return visit to have them removed.
After the procedure, the dentist may prescribe medications to help deal with any pain or swelling. The affected area will have to be treated with care for a while as there may be bleeding.
If you believe you may need an extraction, you can book your appointment now using our online booking form.